Version: (using KDE 4.3.0)
Installed from: SuSE RPMs
The below is tested only in column view (it might also be applicable in spit pane or in multiple tabs, but it is not tested, or it might not be considered a bug in these cases).
When renaming the parent directory of a directory that you already see the contents of, the child directory does not refresh, so that the navigation bar changes the displayed path, nor to avoid an error that occurs when refreshing manually.
e.g. I view /home/username/folder1/folder2. Which in column view I can be able to see the contents of username, folder1 and folder2 simultaneously. Renaming folder1 to e.g. folder_1 will not change the navigation bar path when selecting again folder2's column to the new (and valid one /home/username/folder_1/folder2). This has also as consequence when refreshing manually to display an error at the bottom and disappear the content of folder2 (it is logical since /home/username/folder1/folder2 no longer exists).
But if, after the rename, without refreshing or reopening folder2, I change the name of a file in folder2, it will not have any errors nor create any other problems (e.g file does not exist, or rename did not happen).
I can confirm this bug, I have to refresh manually in column view, for example in this case:
1. Open a folder with dolphin in column view.
2. Select one or multiple files and choose to compress them by context menu.
3. You will not see the resulting compressed file until you hit refresh.
*** This bug has been marked as a duplicate of bug 290747 ***